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30th December, 2018. Kenyan circumcision season

General mayhem?

There have been many news items from Kenya this season, and we will combine the latest ones here.

Church versus tradition. Many Kenyan churches have set up their own circumcision programs, faced with the sometimes unfortunate consequences of the traditional version. This has inevitably led to conflict. One such is documented at the Kenya Standard. A particularly disturbing item is that two youths circumcised by the church were subsequently forcibly 'recircumcised' leading to serious genital damage. Another, between the Kikuyu elders and the Anglican Church, can be followed at The Nation.

It seems that organized crime groups are infiltrating the traditional Kikuyu circumcision camps as recruiting sites, as reported by The Nation. Meanwhile, two initiates died, not from complications of circumcision, but because they were bashed to death by other youths. It really beggars belief. Read this story at KTN News.

Thanks to Tom for the stories.

29th December, 2018. South African circumcision season

Another catastrophic year.

The South African circumcision season is notorious, but until recently the death rate had been falling. This year looks like going backwards. So far 34 deaths have been reported, 20 of them in the Eastern Cape. Eight initiates died in the Free State, three in North West, two in the Western Cape and one in the Northern Cape. The government is promising action, and is negotiating with traditional leaders, but will there be real change?

Read the story in the South African Sunday Times.

Thanks to Tom for the story.

28th December, 2018. Illegal circumcision in Italy

Nigerian refugee boy dies.

Twin boys were born to a Nigerian Catholic mother in an Italian refugee camp in 2017. Recently she decided have the boys circumcised, in accordance with Nigerian tradition. (The report implies that this is a Muslim tradition but in fact in Nigeria both Muslims and Christians are circumcised - see our West Africa page.) One boy bled to death after the operation, the other is recovering in hospital. The operator was an American citizen of Libyan origin, and has been arrested.

Circumcision in Italy costs upward of €2,000 and this drives many poor, migrant parents into the hands of illegal, unqualified operators who will do it for a fraction of this amount. It is estimated that one third of the 5,000 circumcisions performed in Italy each year are illegal. If the government won't act, surely a charity should step in?

Read the story at the BBC.

Thanks to JH for the story.

23rd December, 2018. Botched circumcisions in Winnipeg, Canada

Pakistani doctor preys on new immigrants.

Dr. Ejaz Ahmad was trained as a doctor in Pakistan in 1985, and after further training in Canada was licensed as a family practioner in 2004. 12 years later he decided to offer circumcision as a service, and performed 18 circumcisions at his private clinic between June 2016 and July 2017. The patients were the children of new immigrants, referred to him through the local community. At least six of these boys had to be admitted as emergency patients at the local hospital. In two of these cases he asked parents to lie and say that the circumcisions were performed by a traditional operator.

Ahmad admitted to the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Manitoba that he had not performed the procedure for 19 years and had no additional training prior to resuming the practice in 2016. He faces a five-month suspension and was ordered to pay more than $24,400 for the cost of the investigation and inquiry. He will need to complete an ethics course and has been barred from performing circumcisions until he receives proper training. Seems like a slap on the wrist to me.

Read the story at Global News, Canada.

Thanks to Tom for the story.

15th December, 2018. So you want to get circumcised - where do you go?

The Fire Station, of course.

Alex being circumcised

31-year-old Alex, a non-Muslim living in Malaysia, was persuaded of the merits of circumcision, so he joined seven boys aged between 5 and 7 to get circumcised at Jitra Fire Station on December 13th. Jitra Fire station chief Mohd Bustan Karudin said the programme was initially organised for the children of firemen, but was later opened to the public.

'I was at first scared of circumcision, but a lot of my friends told me that it would not hurt and that it would merely feel like ant bites' said Alex. Many of his non-Muslim friends had already been circumcised, and the fee at the Fire Station was cheaper than elsewhere.

Alex being circumcised.

Read the story at the Straits Times.

Thanks to Tom for the story.

5th December, 2018. Foreskin facial anyone?

Latest fad for the film-star set

The Georgia Louise Atelier in New York City offers what it call 'penis facials' for $650. They use a serum made from circumcised infant foreskins, and the treatment has reputedly been taken by Sandra Bullock, Kate Beckinsale and Cate Blanchett, among other celebrities. This has apparently caused an outcry, though one might as well make use of discarded foreskins - it's not as if any boys are being circumcised just to supply the cosmetic industry!

Mind you, there is a better use for discarded foreskins. They can be cultured into large sheets of skin which are exrememly valuable as temporary coverings for severe burns.

Read the story at CafeMom.

Thanks to Tom for the story.

2nd December, 2018. Film screening sparks protest

'American Circumcision' shown in Oxford Town Hall

The Oxford Men's Group organized a showing of he feature-length anti-circ documentary 'American Circumcision' in Oxford Town Hall for 7pm on 29th November. Many groups denounced this as racist and announced that they would protest outside the building. There were also attempts to have the showing banned, but they probably failed since there is nothing on the Web about it. Mainstream cinemas refuse to show the film.

Men's Group spokesman Ian Johnson said any protesters "will all be politely invited to come inside, calmly watch the film and join in the debate afterwards." One can judge how rational this 'debate' will be by a statement from another Group spokesman, a Mr Sandford: "Non-therapeutic circumcision is illegal being almost certainly Grievous Bodily Harm. Oxford Men's Group believes that the law should be enforced." I do hope some doctors were also among the protesters.

Read about it in the Oxford Mail and the Oxford Times.

Thanks to Tom for the story.

30th November, 2018. Female circumcision and the US Constitution

Detroit doctor escapes prosecution

In a most peculiar case, Dr. Jumana Nagarwala, a fellow doctor, their asistants and four parents, were acquitted on charges of female genital mutilation of nine girls. The basis was that this was a Federal law which the Federal Government had no constitutional right to make. "FGM is not part of a larger market and it has no demonstrated effect on interstate commerce. The Commerce Clause does not permit Congress to regulate a crime of this nature." Only State laws could regulate such matters. Seeing the way the wind was blowing Michigan passed such a law way before the judgement was handed down, so this does not open the door to other cases. But - at this point in time only 26 US states have banned the practice.

Those concerned were members of the Dawoodi Bohra Islamic sect which is largely based in the Indian subcontinent. The sect maintains that their operation involves no more than cutting the clitoral hood, though others have claimed that part of the clitoris may be removed. Dr. Nagarwala insisted that she only cut 'mucous membrane'. A similar prosecution in Australia in 2015 was reversed on appeal this year when it was demonstrated that the girls concerned still had intact clitorises.

Read the story in the New York Post and the ABC. Background information from Wikipedia.

Thanks to Tom for the story.

15th November, 2018. Attempt at forced circumcision in Kenya

35-year-old finally agrees to the knife.


The girlfriend of a boda boda (motorcycle taxi) driver in Narok, Kenya, revealed to his fellow drivers that he was uncircumcised. 50 of them seized him and tried to take him to the district hospital to be done. They paraded him naked through the streets and washed him ritually in the Narok river, on the way raising 10,000 Kenyan shillings to pay for the operation. Police dispersed the crowd and took the man to the safety of the police station. Accepting the inevitable, he went from there to the hospital. The story doesn't reveal whether she is still his girlfriend.

A Kenyan boda boda (motorcycle taxi).
Photo by Ephymbaya, released under Wikimedia Commons.

Read the story in the The Star.

Thanks to Tom for the story.

15th November, 2018. Free circumcision anyone?

South African hospital offers a no-cost, safe cut.

Port Shepstone Regional Hospital, in South Africa, is offering free circumcision for men and boys on 16th and 30th November. Anyone over 10 can be done, and will also receive instruction in sexual health and wound care. Minors need consent from a parent or guardian. It isn't stated, but presumably part of the reason is to keep boys out of South Africa's notorious circumcision 'schools' (see our South Africa page.

Read the story in the South Coast Herald.

Thanks to Tom for the story.

14th November, 2018. Strange exchange in Kenyan parliament

Can a female MP talk about circumcision?

It is the start of the circumcision season in southern Africa so we can expect plenty of stories from the region. In the Kenyan parliament female MP Sabina Chege wanted to set clear guidelines for the price of male circumcision. House majority leader Aden Duale protested that a woman could not give advice on such matters. Chege, who chairs the House Committee on Health, replied that she was only referring to circumcisions done in hospitals, not ones done on riverbanks, and the matter went no further.

Read the story on Standard Media's Ureport.

Thanks to Tom for the story.

9th November, 2018. Australian news-reader tells about his circumcision

Urges parents to do the right thing for their sons.

Matt De Groot, newsreader on Australian radio station Nova FM, has gone public about the hassles of having to be circumcised at age 20, when he was a University student. In a piece on NINE Honey, part of the website of TV station Channel 9, he describes the problems - having to remove and replace a bandage each time he went for a pee (that is hard to believe) and the discomfort of erections while he still had sutures (all too familiar). Once these problems were over he found that friction in his pants got all too exciting, and he would have to stop and collect himself on his walk to the University to avoid going too far! The whole piece is couched as a plea to parents to do the right thing and circumcise their sons as infants.

The story was picked up by the Daily Mail and run on their site, but without the plea to parents.

Thanks to Tom for the story.

1st November, 2018. African circumcisions - the women's view.

It's about time we asked women what they think about it.

A very recent paper provides a meta-analysis of the effect on women of the mass circumcision campaign (to combat AIDS) in Africa. (Grund et al., Association of male circumcision with women's knowledge of its biomedical effects and with their sexual satisfaction and function: a systematic review. AIDS and Behavior, online on October 24th, not yet paginated)

Many of the topics are the familiar ones relating to HIV, but particularly interesting is the section on women's sexual satisfaction. Among Ugandan women 97.1% reported improvement or no change and 2.9% decreased satisfaction. In Zambia, 62.2% repoeted improvement, 15.7% no change, 13.2% decreased satisfaction and 8.8% had no opinion. In Kenya, 91% of women reported improvement, other outcomes weren't listed. Struck by the scale of the response, the authors looked to surveys from other countries. They found three, one from Canada, one from Denmark and one from an unspecified country. The Danish one was from prominent anti-circumcision campaigner Morten Frisch, the unspecified one had recruited respondents from an anti-circumcision site, so unsurprisingly both reported that circumcision made sex worse. The Canadian one, on the other hand, found that women preferred circumcised men.

The full paper is behind a paywall, but I have access so contact me if you want more information. You can read the abstract in PubMed.

Thanks to regular contributor JH for the story.

21st October, 2018. Kipsigis circumcision season in doubt

- all because of a purple flower.

Seytoot flower

The coming school holidays in Kenya should be the time of the circumcision ceremonies for Kipsigis boys, but plans are in confusion because 'seytoot' (Mimulopsis solmsii, left) has flowered. This purple flower is considered a bad omen. According to the Kipsigis Council of Elders "the flowering would cause ill health manifested in shivering, general instability and death" to the initiates. Both the Myoot Council of Elders and the churches have condemned this as an unfounded superstition, and said the ceremony should go ahead.

The Kipsigis mostly live in the Rift Valley part of Kenya. Their boys are traditionally circumcised at age 14, and if the ceremony is cancelled this cohort will have to wait a year. Is it all just superstition? Cultural history researcher Godfrey Sang says that flowering of the seytoot prefigures a dry season in which food could be scarce, which is at least plausible, though maybe not relevant in the modern Kenyan economy. A much less plausible theory is that seytoot pollen is poisonous. Since Mimulopsis is pollinated by insects, even if this is true it seems of little relevance. Read the story in the Kenyan Daily Nation.

Thanks to regular contributor Tom for the story.

14th October, 2018. Missouri man thinks he's Abraham

Circumcises two teenagers illegally.

Curtis Abbott, of Nixa, Mo, has founded his own religious ministry, Restore Bible Culture. It favours polygamy - which didn't do him any good since his wife divorced him when he tried (with no success) to find a 'sister wife'. He's now nonogamous. It also obviously favours circumcision since he is now before the courts facing two counts of child endangerment and one count of unauthorized practice of medicine or surgery, after circumcising two teeenage boys. Since it is a grand jury case no further details are available at present. Read the story at Associated Press.

Thanks to regular contributor JH for the story.

7th October, 2018. Trump's toadstool

Pornstar reveals all on prime-time TV.

Stormy Daniels, an adult-movie actress, has just written her memoirs and took the chance to promote it last Tuesday (2nd October) on the comedy-chat show Jimmy Kimmel Live. The major issue was her alleged fling with Trump. (NB Trump denies it.) She compared the President's member to a toadstool and the high (or low) point comes when Kimmel produces a tray of plastic toadstools and asks Daniels to pick the best match. Read the article in Vanity Fair - it also has a link to the video, which is hilarious!

Tom sent in the story, with comments about 'just how low can journalism go'? True but in his pre-presidential days Trump was always boasting about his sexual conquests and it seems only fair that he should get his come-uppance. Circlist has no views on the politics of any country except where politicians or parties have policies on circumcision, but we do have views on powerful people behaving badly.

5th October, 2018. Australia free of cervical cancer?

It is on track to be the first country to eradicate this disease.

Australian professor Stuart Fraser and his team developed the Gardasil vaccine against oncogenic human papilloma virus (cancer-causing strains of genital wart virus). Since 2007 it has been routinely used on both boys and girls and a recent article in The Lancet suggests that within 20 years we could be free of the disease. It's not just the vaccine - there is now a test which is much more accurate than the uncomfortable pap smear, and only needs to be done every 5 years instead of 2, so women are more likely to take it.

Regular correspondent AM alerted me to this just half an hour before it broke on Australian TV news. Your can read the Guardian report here or listen to the ABC radio story here. AM points out that the prevalence of circumcision in Australia (not mentioned in the news reports) might also be a factor, and he has a point. Circumcision was once nearly universal,but went out of fashion in the 1980s. This means that up to about the year 2000 most sexually active men were circumcised, and even by 2007 when the vaccination programme started there was only a fairly small cohort of sexually active uncircumcised men. The protective effect of circumcision against HPV infection (which also causes penile cancer in men) is well established.

30th September, 2018. Circlist is now a secure site.

To avoid warnings from some browsers please change your bookmark.

Many browsers are now warning users that http:// sites are potentially unsafe. will still work, and the site is safe - we do not use cookies, track your browsing or do anything else nasty. But many browsers are issuing warnings about non-secure sites, and in the future http:// sites might well be blocked. So please change your bookmark to our secure access It is still the same site!

30th September, 2018. Botched circumcisions

Lawsuits in two countries.

Three years ago a 10-year-old boy was circumcised in Pretoria, South Africa, and part of his glans was cut off. With proper attention this could possibly have been re-attached but this didn't happen. Last week this went to court, but Saturday's paper reveals that an out of court settlement was reached. Read the horror story at IOL.

Back in 2013, an eerily similar accident happened at Life Cycle Pediatrics in Riverdale, Georgia, USA when an 18-day-old boy also had part of his glans amputated. Once again appropriate emergency procedures to repair the damage were simply not carried out. This case did go to a jury, and damages were awarded on Friday. Read the story on Fox News.

The difference? The Atlanta, Georgia jury awarded the American boy $31 million US in damages. The South African boy was seeking 2.8 million Rand (ZAR) and settled out of court, presumably for less. 2.8mZAR is just $198,000 US. One law for the rich, another for the poor.

24th September, 2018. South African school in firing line

"Illegal" circumcision of a 9 year old boy.

A 9 year old Xhosa boy brought home a permission form for free government-provided circumcision at his school in Pietermaritzburg. His guardian (his mother's sister) refused to sign it since his mother didn't agree. The boy handed in the form anyway, and was duly circumcised. His aunt cried foul and called in the police saying that the boy had 'lost his manhood' since he couldn't now take part in the traditional Xhosa circumcision rite. (For a look at the horrible butchery this often entails look at our South Africa page.) Meanwhile the boy is probably very happy, having got what he wanted. After all, he handed in the form.

This story made it all the way to New Zealand, where regular contributor DP saw it and sent it in. Read it at New Zealand Herald. South African sources all seem to come from the same agency report, complete with an image of a scalpel, but the report in The Citizen gives a bit more detail.

11th September, 2018. New CDC guidelines.

The US Centre for Disease Control has issued an encyclopaedic new report on circumcision..

This is probably the most comprehensive review ever about circumcision in the USA. While mention is made of research in Africa and elsewhere it is focussed on the benefits, and risks, of circumcision in America. Some interesting snippets:
- an estimated 7% of infant males presenting with fever in outpatient clinics and emergency rooms had UTIs, including 20% of uncircumcised febrile infants and 2% of circumcised febrile infants aged younger than 3 months of age. (In other words, circumcised boys have 10 times less risk of this condition).
- 32% of uncircumcised males compared with 9% of circumcised males will experience a UTI in their lifetime
- Neonatal male circumcision is safer, less expensive, and heals more rapidly than circumcision performed on older boys, adolescent males, and men.
- Complications occur in 0.2% of infants aged ≤1 month, 0.4% of infants aged <1 year, and approximately 9% in children aged 1–9 years. While almost all complications are minor, this is a strong argument for infant circumcision.

There are several documents comprising this report, but the most accessible one is "Information for Providers to Share with Male Patients and Parents Regarding Male Circumcision and the Prevention of HIV Infection, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and other Health Outcomes" which you can read here.

Thanks to Brian Morris and Chris Eley for the link.

21st August, 2018. Gentler, more inclusive circumcision.

US Jewish mothers are turning to mohelets.

Traditional mohels (Jewish ritual circumcisers) often exclude women from the ceremony. This has led to a trend towards using a female circumciser (mohelet) who will let the whole family take part. The feeling seems to be that women also do a gentler, kinder operation. "The baby didn't cry at all", one mother said. (Note for pedants, the Hebrew plural of mohelet is actually mohalot).

Read the article in Haretz.

Thanks to Tom for the link.

18th August, 2018. Circumcision and the twittersphere.

First ever academic investigation of circumcision discussion on social media.

A most unusual, but very welcome, paper from Istanbul looks at discusssion about circumcision on social media. Posts were divided into four categories - medical, social, political and religious. Political posts overwhelmingly dominated discussion. The authors' conclusion was that much more medical information needed to be provided on social media platforms.

The abstract is available at PubMed. It has a link to the full text article but this may require payment. Anyone who has difficulty accessing it is welcome to contact the Editor.

Thanks to JH for the link.

17th August, 2018. Kenyan youth forcibly circumcised.

He was found drinking in a bar with circumcised men.

The Kenya Standard reports that a teenager who had resisted getting circumcised was dragged from a bar in Marimanti town where he was drinking with circumcised men, after several warnings not to. His father authorised a group of men to seize the youth, and they took him to the local hospital, where he was circumcised. (It would appear that the hospital didn't find this strange - but perhaps the lad realized at this point that he had no other option). The family, which had been the target of scorn and derision, broke into great celebrations.

Full details at the Kenya Standard

Thanks to Tom for the link.

1st August, 2018. Circumcision seasons kicks off in Western Kenya

Bukusu boys face the knife from 5am today

At least 10,000 boys aged 13 to 18 will be circumcised in an elaborate ceremony over the next few weeks. More than 500 traditional circumcisers have performed the necessary rites and prepared their knives. The actual cut is performed in the early morning when the boys are numbed from immersion in the cold river water. This prevents excessive bleeding. The operation is all over within 30 seconds. In December the newly circumcised boys will be pronounced warriors.

Full details at Kenya Standard

Thanks to Tom for the link.

12th July, 2018. 15 Million Circumcisions

African AIDS prevention strategy reaches a major milestone

"It is estimated that by 2030 male circumcision will avert at least 500,000 HIV infections in Africa". This target is based on 27 million circumcisions and 15 million is a significant landmark. It is also hard to resist the punning title of the paper "Cutting-Edge Success in Preventing Heterosexual HIV Transmission in Africa: Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision Has Reached 15 Million Men." Read the abstract at pubmed or the full paper (pdf) at AIDS Education & Prevention

Thanks to both JH and Brian Morris for the link.

20th June, 2018. More on Denmark

Another source says that the ban is unlikely to pass

The petition to ban infant circumcisions in Denmark seems unlikely to pass Parliament. It did get the required 50,000 votes but as we reported on 28th April the major parties had already agreed to reject the proposal before this target was reached. However the Parliament did vote in May to ban the burqua (also false beards and other face coverings). There are no ski slopes in Denmark but this would be tricky in other countries since many skiers wear face-covering masks for protection from the cold.

Read the latest report on CH Post. The article also makes the totally untrue claim that Germany and Australia have banned infant circumcision. Not so! The German case does have a germ of truth in that a judges's decision in Köln appeared to make it illegal, but this was swiftly reversed by the Bundestag. The Australian claim is just pure fiction, and presumably comes from the decision that it will no longer be free. (Parents now have to pay but there is still a Medicare rebate to cover part of the cost). It never was free in Europe!

Thanks to Brian Morris for the link.

19th June, 2018. Famous anaesthetist dies

Michael Rosen was a larger-than-life character

Anaesthetists ae usually the quiet, retiring half of the operating theatre team, but Professor Michael Rosen broke the mould. But what gets him into these pages was that he was a pioneer of appropriate analgesia for infant circumcision.

You can read his obituary in The Times. The Times has now relaxed its paywall somewhat and you can read up two articles a week free by registering. Mind you, their registration system is extraordinarily flaky and would not work for me.

Thanks to Tom for the link.

11th June, 2018. Infants with urinary tract abnormalities

  - should they be circumcised?

The benefit of circumcision in preventing urinary tract infections (UTIs) is well established. It is also well known that infants with abnormalities of the urinary system, such as hydronephrosis, are particularly prone to UTIs. Would circumcision be especially beneficial to these infants?

That was the question investigated by a team of Seattle doctors. The results, recently published in the journal Pediatrics, show that the answer is a definite yes. Infant circumcision was effective in preventing UTIs in all infants, but it was almost four times as effective in infants with hydronephrosis and related conditions. So boys diagnosed with those conditions should definitely be circumcised.

Read the abstract at PubMed . Thanks to JH for the link.

6th June, 2018. Desperate Russian attempts self-circumcision

  - and ends up in hospital. .

38-year-old Roman A suffered from from phimosis, and could not find a doctor or clinic to circumcise him. He said he was in excruciating pain and could not even bear to go to the toilet. So he disinfected a sharp knife and cut off his foreskin on a chopping board. Unfortunately he couild not then staunch the bleeding and had to go to hospital.

Aspects of this story do not ring entirely true and reading between the lines it seems more likely that he was put on a long waiting list for elective surgery. He says at one point "they delayed the surgery" which fits this explanation. Maybe he felt that he just couldn't wait any longer.

Read the story at the Daily Mail. Thanks to JH for the link.

30th May, 2018. Millionth circumcision in KwaZulu-Natal

Famous South African actor gets the snip

KwaZulu-Natal province, in South Africa, started a programme of medical male circumcision in 2010, with the aim of reducing the spread of HIV. Last weekend the programme claimed its millionth foreskin, belonging to the actor and TV star Melusi Yeni. The doctor was Dr Sibongiseni Dhlomo, who is also Member of the Exective Council (MEC) for Health. (This is equivalent to being Health Minister for the province.) He has a long history of fighting AIDS, initially as an Army doctor well before the national campaign was rolled out. So the surgeon was as famous as his patient.

Read the story at IOL.

Thanks to Professor Brian Morris for the link.

27th May, 2018. Nigerians complain about cost of circumcision in Europe

UK is much more reasonable.

In Nigeria, as in most of West Africa, boys, whether Muslim of not, are circumcised in infancy or early childhood. (This is in marked contrast to East Africa - see our Kenya page - where boys are circumcised in their late teens.) But Nigerians living in the EU are finding that this hurts their hip pocket, with fees of €500 the cheapest they can hope for. Even so, it is cheaper than flying back to Nigeria.

Apparently the UK has much more reasonable charges. Read the story at the Vanguard.

Reader Arend comments: "Fees in the Netherlands are much lower. Clinics offer a circumcision by medically trained surgeons for boys up to 16 years for €275." Welcome news.

12th May, 2018. Star British footballer dies

Penile cancer at age 26

Dale Clark, from Newcastle (UK) was a star player for the Northern Alliance side Forest Hall. He has a six-year-old son and managed to father a daughter after partial amputation of his penis. All therapies failed and he died on Sunday May 6th, a month before his partner Paige King is due to give birth.

It is very rare for penile cancer to affect someone so young, but he neglected the symptoms until they could no longer be ignored. However, a simple operation when he was a baby would have saved his life - circumcised men do not get penile cancer. Read the story at the Daily Mail. Thanks to Professor Brian Morris for the link.

10th May, 2018. Interesting artwork

Something a bit different

Byam Shaw picture

Recently Sotheby's Australia (who are not part of Sothebys International) auctioned off a large collection of 19th and early 20th century British and European art from a private collector - see it here. One picture caught my eye, and I did go to see it in person. Click the image to see it full size (opens in a new window - close the window to return).

The picture is 'When Love Came into the House of the Respectable Citizen', painted in 1916 by John Byam Shaw. It didn't make its reserve and eventually sold for $10,000 below the low estimate, but even so it was a very high price for a work on paper by a little-known artist. So what do we make of it? Clearly the impact of a confirmed bachelor falling head over heels in in love is represented by Cupid suddenly bursting in through the window and scattering the furniture. Let's look a bit closer. Viewing the image full size it is clear that Cupid is circumcised. This is probably the only image of a circumcised Cupid in the history of art.

OK, here we are in the realms of speculation but this was the middle of WW1 and Byam Shaw was on war duties, not a full-time artist. He drew a lot of patriotic cartoons for the papers and this seems to have been a bit of gentle fun aimed at a friend. So what do we make of Cupid? The model was almost certainly Byam Shaw's son Glen, then aged 11. Glen went on to be a very successful actor and subsequently director. But Cupid's head is not his - it is clearly the head of a girl, presumably the man's paramour. A lovely, whimsical painting and a unique portrayal of Cupid.

5th May, 2018. Why Mario got circumcised

Teenager gets the chop at 18

Both Brian Morris and AM have sent in this link. They both think it is funny. Frankly I don't share their opinion, but judge it for yourself. View it here.

4th May, 2018. Chinese parents and circumcision

Reasons, and satisfaction

This isn't really news - the paper is a year old - but it is very interesting. It looks at why Chinese parents choose circumcision for their sons aged 6-14. "Most decisions for circumcision were made by the father, chiefly for health and hygiene. Their main sources of information on circumcision were Internet and friends". This is in marked contrast to North America where most sources report that the mother is usually the decision maker.

13% of parents reported a degree of dissatisfaction on the basis of long recovery and/or pain. These problems were more common after traditional circumcision (27%) than Shang ring circumcision (6.7%). The authors therefore recommend Shang Ring circumcision for patients in this age group. Read the abstract here. The full paper is in Chinese. Thanks to JH for the link.

28th April, 2018. Iceland ban seems to be doomed

Committee decides against it

The Judicial Affairs and Educational Committee will ask the Icelandic Parliament to dismiss the bill, proposed months ago by MP Silja Dögg Gunnarsdóttir, calling for a male child circumcision ban. The proposed bill has received wide international condemnation (see our news articles on 2nd February, 24th March and 13th April) and has also been condemned by both Catholic and Lutheran bishops of Iceland. It appears that this is the death knell for the proposal.

Read the story in the Reykjavik Grapevine or the Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Thanks to Professor Brian Morris for the links.

28th April, 2018. Denmark petition unlikely to succeed

Major party states it will not support a circumcision ban

A recent Danish law allowed citizen petitions to be debated by parliament if they achieved 50,000 votes in 6 months. As we reported on 1st March, one such petition was to ban infant male circumcision. The petition had reached 44,685 votes as of 24th April which meant it was highly likely to reach Parliament. On 24th April the ruling Liberal Party met to discuss the proposal and, after lively and lengthy discusssion, agreed to oppose it. The opposition Social Democrats and the populist Danish People's Party have both come out in opposition to the ban. The Liberal Alliance and the Conservative party plan to give their MPs a free vote. The Socialist People’s Party (SF) is the only party which is requiring its MPs to vote in favour. The weight of numbers means that the proposal is dead in the water.

Read the story in the The Local - Denmark or the Freethinker, a British atheist publication. The latter includes a lengthy opinion piece by Stephen Moreton and comments by Brian Morris. Thanks to Professor Brian Morris for the links.

23rd April, 2018. Pink power

Circumcision: regulation, not prohibition

Stephen Moreton has published an article in the online gay journal Pink Humanist criticising the current anti-circumcision movement. This is probably timely since the anti-circumcision movement seems to be quite strong in the gay community. Amusingly, he heads it with a picture of an anti-circ protest of people with "blood-stained" crotches holding up placards. The protesters are three adult women, two little girls, and just one man! It would seem that they found it difficult getting men to protest circumcision! He also calls for regulation on who can perform circumcisions - it seems that in some countries there are no such restrictions. Frankly, this makes sense. Circumcision needs to be safe.

Stephen runs the circfacts website. Read his article here. Thanks to Professor Brian Morris for the link.

14th April, 2018. Falkholt is at it again.

5-storey blue penis in Stockholm

blue penis

Street artist Carolina Falkholt, now back in her native Sweden, has caused controversy again with a picture of a giant phallus. In December she painted a similar picture, but in natural colours, on an apartment block in the SoHo area of New York. We reported on it on December 30th. The significance of going blue in Stockholm is unclear. But the outcome seems to be the same - the picture is going to be painted over. Funnily enough the painting over the New York version was so perfunctory that one can still make out the image - maybe the Swedes will be more meticulous. But Sweden has been famous for years as the country of sexual liberation and free nudism, so why??

Is the penis circumcised? We discussed this over the New York version and the editor's opinion is that it is just a short foreskin firmly erect. There is no sign of a scar. But only Carolina Falkholt knows for sure.

Read the full report in the Guardian.

Thanks to AM for the link.

13th April, 2018. Icelandic ban.

US Congressmen weigh in with bi-partisan support

Republican Representative Ed Royce, chairman of the U.S. House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee, joined forces with the Committee's top Democrat Representative Eliot Engel to issue the following statement:
“While Jewish and Muslim populations in Iceland may be small, your country’s ban could be exploited by those who stoke xenophobia and anti-Semitism in countries with more diverse populations.” The message was sent on April 5th to the embassy of Iceland in Washington, D.C.

Read the report here. Thanks to Professor Brian Morris for the link.

4th April, 2018. It's not what you've got ....

it's how you feel about it.

A recent paper by Canadian Jennifer Bossio and colleague Caroline Pukall explores how men feel about their circumcision status. "Attitude Toward One's Circumcision Status Is More Important than Actual Circumcision Status for Men's Body Image and Sexual Functioning, Archives of Sexual Behavior", April 2018, Volume 47, Issue 3, pp 771–781

They found that men circumcised as infants or children were less likely to feel positive about their circumcision status than uncircumcised men or men circumcised as adults. However, this was an Internet survey, advertised on campus and on Facebook, and this is bound to attract those with an axe to grind. It would be good to see similar questions asked in a truly random sample.

You can read the paper and download a pdf at ResearchGate. The abstract and references are also available at the publisher's site, but there you will have to pay to get the full paper.

Thanks to JH for the story

1st April, 2018. Just for a laugh.

Nothing to do with circumcision.

boy holding cucumber The Australian branch of global budget supermarket chain Aldi came up with this rather Freudian advert to promote their 'baby cucumbers'.

The boy is proudly holding his - er - cucumber. Seemed like a suitable April Fool image.

24th March, 2018. More on the Iceland issue

Powerful US Jewish lobby group steps in.

The Anti-Defamation League, a very powerful US Jewish lobby group, has jumped into the Icelandic circumcision debate - boots and all. CEO of ADL, Jonathan A. Greenblatt, has criticised the bill on the basis of religious freedom and the medical benefits of circumcision. He added, quite correctly:

“Should Iceland ban male circumcision, making it impossible for Jews and Muslims to raise families in your country, we guarantee that Iceland will be celebrated by neo-Nazis, white supremacists, and other extremists. They will celebrate the ban as the first legislation in Europe since World War II towards making a country Judenrein, free of Jews.”

It's hard to argue with that. What he also pointed out was that US tourists contribute a lot to Iceland's economy, and that could be in jeopardy if the bill was passed. Read about it on the Icelandic grapevine. Read Greenblatt's letter to the Althing (Icelandic Parliament) here. Thenks to Professor Brian Morris for the information.

21st March, 2018. Vale David Cooper.

Professor David Cooper, who diagnosed Australia's first AIDS case, died on 18th March.

David Cooper first came across the then undiagnosed HIV virus while working in the USA in the 1980s. On his return to Australia he made it his major task to tackle the disease in his home country. His research was world class, but he also made the campaign public. He and his daughters would take part in the Mardi Gras parade (Sydney's major Gay Pride event) dressed as pills to encourage men to seek treatment.

Cooper was a strong advocate for circumcision as a means for limiting the spread of AIDS. You can read some of his publications on the subject at an editorial in the Medical Journal of Australia, and an article in the Journal of the International AIDS Society.

You can read an obituary at and a wonderful tribute written during his lifetime at theAustralian Broadcasting Corporation site.

1st March, 2018. More Scandinavian madness

Danish petition to ban circumcision.

Under a new law in Denmark, petitions accepted for posting on the Folketinget (Citizen Proposal) website have to be debated by Parliament if they gain 50,000 signatures in 6 months. The petition proposes six years jail for anyone who carries out non-medical circumcision on a person under 18 and also penalties for parents who send children out of the country to be circumcised.

In its first month the petition got 20,000 signatures, so whether it will get to 50,000 is debatable. In any case it is hard to see how Parliament could pass it since it violates EU rules on freedom of religion. Read the full story at Arutz Sheva, Israel National News. Thanks to D&T P for the story.

Through an editorial stuff-up this item got accidentally deleted and the reinstated version is not identical to the original. If any readers know of other items that got lost please contact me.

20th February, 2018. Circumcision coming back into favour in NSW

More parents are opting for infant circumcision for their boys.

A short piece in the Saturday 17th February edition of the (Sydney) Daily Telegraph reported that infant circumcision was becoming more popular in New South Wales (Australia).

CIRCUMCISION practitioners in NSW say the number of baby boys going under the knife is now “slowly creeping up” amid a raft of new research about the controversial procedure’s health benefits. It means parents who opt for the divisive procedure are experiencing less push-back with data showing the benefits exceed the associated risks by “200 to one”.
Associate professor Norman Blumenthal has been performing circumcision on infants for over 30 years. He told The Saturday Telegraph there was “no doubt numbers are increasing”. “Patients are actually wanting circumcision — it’s only the medical advice from some quarters that are frightening them. But certainly the stigma about circumcision is over,” said the Sydney-based obstetrician.
Circumcision developed into a routine procedure for newborn baby boys in Australia by the 1950s before the trend began to decline. A NSW Health spokeswoman said on average, only eight per cent of infant males born in the state are circumcised.
Leading paediatric surgeon Dr Anthony Dilley said people who once sat on the fence were now leaning towards circumcision. “The numbers have over the last 15 years been slowly creeping up,” Dr Dilley said. “A lot of parents are not getting the same degree of strong opinion from people when they hear about circumcision as they used to.” While Medicare data showed 5710 NSW patients aged between newborns and four years old were circumcised in 2017, the total number of boys undergoing the surgery is likely to be far higher.
A fairly minimal article, but it attracted attention and yesterday the story was featured on Channel 10's 'The Project'. This is a show with a panel which discusses the latest news, and has a big audience. Brian Morris, obstretician Lionel Steinberg and urologist David Winkel were interviewed. One panel member, a middle-aged man, declared that he was uncircumcised - surprising for his age group in Australia. The other, older, male member put up his hand as circumcised. (The panel has two men and two women). The chair, Waleed Ali, is Muslim so he really didn't need to declare anything, and didn't. Morris and Steinberg spoke strongly in favour of circumcision, Winkel (whose name caused some amusement) was against. The programme can be viewed online at Channel 10. The circumcision segment starts about 10 minutes in and lasts for 5 minutes. The link will expire in 3 months (19th May).

19th February, 2018. Glue is the way to go

Large meta-analysis compares glue to sutures.

A study from Monash University, Australia, has compared the use of tissue glue instead of sutures in childhood circumcision (children older than one year). "Overall complication rates were 4.3% (tissue glue) and 5.9% (sutures). Use of tissue glue was associated with reduced post-operative pain; better cosmetic results and reduced cost." Apparently tissue glue is as strong as wound-healing after 7 days, which is quite impressive.

This is a pre-print of an accepted paper awaiting publication in Urology. You can read the abstract at PubMed. The full paper requires payment. From Professor Brian Morris' weekly digest of circumcision papers.

7th February, 2018. South Africa's notorious initiation schools.

Award-winning film sparks controversy.

South Africa's 'Initiation (circumcision) Schools' are a perpetual source of strife between traditional leaders and the government. Many teenagers die in them, and they are notoriously badly managed. The situation is improving, with only 17 boys dying in 2017 in the Eastern Cape, compared to 31 in 2016 and 46 in 2015, but the government view is that criminal charges would be appropriate in many cases. The Congress of Traditional Leaders of South Africa (Contralesa) takes a contrary stance, but does agree about working with health authorities. Read about it in the Huffington Post.

What has really set the cat among the pigeons is an award-winning movie "Inxeba" ("The Wound") which tells the story of a gay city boy (played by Niza Jay Ncoyini). He goes on a journey to manhood while at an initiation school in rural Eastern Cape, but refuses to conform to the Xhosa culture's idea of masculinity. Contralesa have staged protests at some cinemas. Read the story here. Thanks to Tom for the link.

6th February, 2018. Infant circumcision in Kenya

- a mother's quest.

Some ethnic groups in Kenya circumcise in the teen years, others do not. But infant circumcision is being promoted by the government for HIV prevention. When a baby is born in a medical centre the situation will be explained to the new mother, but many babies are born at home, far from medical support. Here is the heartwarming story of one mother's fight to get her baby circumcised. His father, remembering the pain and lengthy recovery time from his teenage circumcision, was opposed.

It was a long search to get the right advice but in the end the boy was circumcised, with absolutely no trauma. Read the story at The Star, Kenya. Thanks to Tom for the link.

2nd February, 2018. Iceland to ban circumcision?

Jews are up in arms.

The Jewish community in Iceland is very small (maybe 100 people!) but is outraged by a proposal to ban circumcision of minors. (One reason for the small number is that Iceland refused to take Jewish refugees from Nazi Germany). The proposed legislation is supported by the Progressive Party, the Pirate Party, the Left-Greens and the People's Party. No word as yet from the much more numerous Muslims. What is rather ironic is that Icelandic law has guaranteed freedom of religion since 1874. Furthermore Iceland's First Lady is Jewish and quite active in promoting Jewish culture.

One might also expect that at least some of the medical community would mention the health benefits of the procedure.

Read the story at Arutz Sheva. Thanks to DP for the link.

1st February, 2018. Circumcision in Senegal

Interesting historic print for sale.

A bookseller on Abebooks is offering an 18th century print "Circumcision of the Negroes at Senegal", "Engraved for Middleton's Complete System of Geography" in 1788. It doesn't exactly show much detail of the operation. For some reason all the Senegalese are carrying spears, and there is a group of Englishmen in knee-breeches and powdered wigs in the foreground. An interesting talking point for your wall?

See it at Abebooks. The image is zoomable, and the zoomed image can be saved. Thanks to AM for the link.

21st January, 2018. Famous US artist in trouble

It seems Chuck Close asked too many intimate questions.

Chuck Close is one on Americas's most famous artists, particularly known for images of faces which on close up are made up from smaller images. For the past 30 years he has been confined to a wheelchair. Several models whom he had invited (and paid) to audition have said that he made inappropriate comments and showed an excessive interest in their genitals. None were physically threatened, not surprisingly.

Carla Rodriguez, an intern at a photo studio where Close sometimes worked, posed nude for him along with another intern.

After they had gotten dressed, in the bathroom, Close showed them another photographic series, this time more closely cropped images of genitals. When they came across a picture of an uncircumcised penis, Close turned to Rodriguez and asked if she had ever “experienced” one, Rodriguez said. “He asked me about my boyfriend and if his dick was circumcised,” she said, adding that Close then told her, “Well, I’m uncircumcised. You should really experience that at some point in your life.” Feeling uncomfortable, she remembered laughing it off.
Sexual harassment or just chat, remembering the situation that they were posing for, and looking at, images of genitalia? You judge.

Anyway, for those who collect trivia about celebrity circumcisions, you now know that Chuck Close has a foreskin. Read the full story here.

20th January, 2018. Penis whitening anyone?

Thai clinic does a roaring trade.


Lelux Hospital, in Bangkok, is offering a laser treatment to give a whiter penis. The laser apparently kills melanocytes, the cells which make and store melanin, the dark skin pigment. The hospital's publicity states: “the most talked-about treatment right now, to achieve pink, white Pikachu, and end the problems caused by dark penises. It doesn’t hurt or require recovery. Ready to score right after it.” Quite how and why a cute little Pokémon (pictured) should become a euphemism for penis is beyond me. The clinic apparently gets around 100 patients a month.

Not surprisingly Thai health authorities have issued warnings about the procedure, stating that it could cause pain and permanent damage and also that the whitening effect was unlikely to be permanent.

Tom, who sent me the story, wondered whether circumcised men would be interested. Thai boys and men tend to wear their foreskins retracted but one hopes they won't try laser treatment on the glans. Read more about it at the BBC and the Mezies Blog

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