Today parents are carefully weighing the pros and cons of circumcision before choosing what is best for their son. Many are asking questions such as:
What are the medical benefits?
What will happen if my son isn't circumcised?
Is it painful?
Can it be done after infancy?
Furthermore, and especially in the light of recent medical discoveries, many adult males who did not benefit from infant circumcision are considering having this procedure performed despite it being more complex to do post-puberty. Naturally they too want to know more about it.
Take time to explore the many interesting and educational areas of this web site. It is updated frequently on the basis of messages from corrrespondents around the globe. The result is a wide variety of information including personal opinions, medical facts, statistics and recent medical news.
What is male circumcision?
At birth, boys usually have a sleeve of skin that covers the end of the penis. This is called the foreskin or prepuce. During circumcision the foreskin is removed so that the knob of the penis (the glans), includinng the opening through which the boy urinates (the urethral meatus) is exposed. If circumcision is performed during infancy or childhood, it only takes a few minutes.
For Jewish families, a specially trained religious person called a Mohel does the circumcision as part of a ceremony called a Bris, held on the eighth day of life. Circumcision is also routinely performed on the sons of those of the Islamic faith, typically when a boy is between 5 and 10 years of age. In the United States non-religious circumcision is usually done by a doctor in the first few days of life; other countries also perform the procedure for non-religious reasons as a matter of social custom.
Circumcision can be performed on men and boys of all ages, using a wide variety of devices specially designed to make the task quick and accurate.
What is female circumcision?
The term female circumcision properly refers to a surgical procedure in which the hood over the female's clitoris (the clitoral prepuce) is removed - and nothing more. It is performed in some Muslim countries by tradition. In the west it is done either for medical reasons or (often in conjunction with labioplasty - reduction of the inner lips) for cosmetic reasons and to enhance sexual pleasure.
However, the term is often incorrectly applied to drastic ritual procedures carried out in parts of North Africa which remove the entire clitoris. In parts of Somalia and Sudan this is combined with infibulation the labia to prevent intercourse. Such operations are properly termed Female Genital Mutilation (FGM).
It must be clearly understood that the owner, editor, artist and volunteer helpers who administer this web site are totally opposed to all forms of Female Genital Mutilation.
What’s new ?
|The 6 most recent changes to the website, not including the news page:
||Item (click the link to access directly)|
|6th Aug 2017||Updates to our Sri Lanka page - a female surgeon persuades her husnand to get circumcised.
|12th Jul 2017||
Circumcision in Ireland updated. However, more information on the situation in the Republic of Ireland is needed - any Irish readers who can contribute please contact us. |
|25th Jun. 2017
||Three new, interesting sites added to our Resources on other Web sites page.
|23rd Jun. 2017||Revision and updating of the Islamic circumcision page in Rites and Practices. Contributor Asiff Hussein has provided details of the hadiths (recorded sayings of the Prophet (PBUH) governing Muslim circumcision.
|15th Apr. 2017
||New Romania page in our Rites and Practices section. This focusses on the Sabbatarians - a Christian sect which moved towards Jewish practices. |
|20th Mar 2017||
Major new Australian survey added to our Surveys page. Data on tens of thousands of men from a dating site shows circumcision prevalence from 1945 to 1998.
15 million circumcisions per year, each taking about 20 minutes, means that approximately 500 males are being circumcised right now.